Final Report: Data Collection Survey of Social Service Delivery and Social Security in the Decentralized Indonesian Context (CS-12004)
This study is conducted to inquire some relevant information concerning to the readiness of the sub national governments (SNGs) in supporting the implementation of SJSN (Sistem Jaminan Sosial Nasional—National Social Security System) in the 2014. Concern on the SNGs capacity to support SJSN mostly stems from the reportedly SNGs’ poor performance in managing their financial resources which in turn are envisaged to create adverse effects on local social indicators (such as: poverty rate, literacy rate, school enrollment ratio, etc.).
This study aims to provide quantitative and qualitative evidences concerning the relation between: (i) SNGs’ fiscal capacity and social indicators performance; (ii) the capacity to execute the budget and the social indicators performance; and (iii) the ability to execute budget with the type of revenue obtained by the SNGs. For that, descriptive, correlation and econometric analyses are conducted by using all SNGs data on budget and social indicators during the period of 2007-2010, as well as household data of SUSENAS (National Socio Economic Survey) 2005 and 2011. In addition, this study utilizes the household data to examine the impact of the national and SNG’s social assistance programs on the access to the healthcare and educational facilities.
The qualitative analyses are done based on the field survey conducted in the 11 selected SNGs (3 provinces and 8 districts in Java and Sulawesi), which attempts to analyze the regulation, administrative procedure, program feature and program sustainability related of social security programs in the decentralization context.
Keywords: social security, social service delivery, decentralization, Indonesia
The purpose of the paper is to examine the rationale of current institutional and governance structure and the roles of various public and private agencies involved in this process. The paper found that drawn by lucrative profits the industry has attracted many entrants which intensify competition among sending firms. The most obvious change brought by this development is the increase of recruitment costs. This has also affected the supply-demand imbalances which in turn has profound impacts on the distribution of values (rents) in the industry. Some of the increase in recruitment costs can also be attributed to the introduction of the law 39/2004 which formalizes the role of local recruiters (brokers) though it also provides some protection to workers. But the net benefits may not be great since sending firms can always shift the burdens to workers through salary deductions in the first few months of working contracts. The effort to create a new independent agency as mandated by the new law to provide implementing service, coordination and monitoring of international migrant workers has yet to bear fruit. A clear division of labor is needed, but due to the huge rents involved this may need political intervention from the highest level of government.
Source : REPEc.
Identifying the constraints to budget execution in the infrastructure sector : DIPA tracking study : Identifikasi hambatan dalam pelaksanaan anggaran di sektor infrastruktur : studi penelusuran DIPA (Bahasa (Indonesian))
The main objective of this study is to support the Government of Indonesia, in particular the Fiscal Policy Office, in exploring reforms to improve line ministries’ budget execution in the infrastructure sector. The specific objectives are as follows: (i) to identify the constraints to budget execution in the infrastructure sector, focusing on 2010 budget execution; (ii) to assess the effectiveness of the reforms that have been introduced to accelerate budget execution in 2011; and (iii) to offer policy recommendations on ways to improve budget execution particularly within the infrastructure sector. The scope of work for the study includes an assessment of factors constraining budget execution through every step of the budget execution process, from budget preparation through to the completion of the project. It covers an assessment of factors constraining 2010 budget implementation at each stage, analysis of the effectiveness of reforms that have been introduced recently to improve budget execution in 2011, and the formulation of policy recommendations to accelerate budget execution going forward. The study also involves surveys and field visits to gather information from key stakeholders, such as Satker personnel, the local treasury offices (KPPN) and contractors covering four sample provinces, namely DKI Jakarta (as a pilot), West Java, North Sumatra, and South Sulawesi. Thirty-six DIPA (Daftar Isian Pelaksanaan Anggaran (Budget Warrant)) were selected as samples within three line ministries: the Ministry of Public Works, the Ministry of Transport, and the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources. The field survey activities included: in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, and field observations. This study involved tracking the constraints in budget execution at every stage of the process, from budget and work plan preparation through to project completionSourde : DIPA Tracking
DIPA Tracking Study-Final-ENG