Overall, we observe an increasing trend of inflation rate throughout 2022 and the figures were higher than that of the pre-pandemic level. It hit the highest level in September 2022 at 5.95%, the highest since October 2015. The high inflation from January to August 2022 was mainly contributed by volatile inflation, which reached its peak in July 2022 at 11.47%. On the other hand, administered price inflation caused a rise in the inflation rate in the last four months, reaching its highest level in December 2022 at 13.34%. The figures for core inflation were higher than that of 2021 and experienced an increasing rate throughout 2022.