Denny Irawan, Febrio Kacaribu
The ﬁnancial crisis of 2007/8 has revealed the importance of risk, besides credit, in the dynamics of ﬁnancial cycle and business cycle in the economy. This study examines relationship among those three cycles in the economy (Tri-Cycles), namely (i) business cycle risk, (ii) credit cycle and (iii) risk cycle, and their impacts toward individual bank performance. We examine the responses of individual bank credit cycle and risk cycle toward a shock in business cycle risk and its consequence to the bank performance. We use Indonesian data for period of 2002q1 to 2014q4. We use unbalanced panel data of individual banks’ balance sheet with Panel Vector Autoregressive approach based on GMM style estimation by implementing PVAR package developed by Irawan. The result shows dynamic relationship between business cycle risk and ﬁnancial risk cycles. The study also observes prominent role of risk cycles in driving bank performance. We also show the existence of ﬁnancial accelerator phenomenon in Indonesian banking system, in which ﬁnancial cycles precede the business cycle risk.
JEL Classiﬁcation: E320; G210; G310
Keywords: Business Cycle Risk — Credit Cycle — Bank Lending — Financial Risk